Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Position Statement
and Trampoline SafetyThe
number and severity of injuries resulting from the use
of trampolines is significant and increasing. Hospital
emergency rooms treated 52,103 trampoline injuries
sustained by children under age 15 in 1995. The estimated
cost of medical, legal, insurance and disability costs
and other expenses in 1995 was $272.6 million. Even
very young children ages 5 to 9 are at risk; 19,454
injuries related to trampolines were treated in emergency
rooms at a cost of $99.8 million. The most common injuries
are sprains and fractures, often severe, which usually
result from a fall through the trampoline or
an uncontrolled maneuver. Although severe or life-threatening
injuries are not common, they do occur and can result
in paralysis or, rarely, death. Use of the trampoline by more than one child further increases the risk of
injury through collisions among jumpers or the catapulting
of jumpers off the trampoline. In
an effort to reduce the number and severity of injuries
resulting from the use of trampolines, the American
Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons recommends routine observation
of the following guidelines:
of trampolines for physical education, competitive
gymnastics, diving training and other similar activities
requires careful adult supervision and proper safety
should not be used for unsupervised recreational activity.
adult supervision and instruction is needed for children
at all times.
one participant should use a trampoline at
should be present when participants are jumping.
or high risk maneuvers should be avoided without proper
supervision and instruction; these maneuvers should
be done only with proper use of protective equipment,
such as a harness.
- The trampoline jumping surface should be placed
at ground level.
supporting bars, strings and surrounding landing surfaces
should have adequate protective padding.
Document Number: 1135
© September 1996 American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons
This material may not be modified without the express
written permission of the American Academy of Orthopedic
additional information, contact Alvin Nagelberg at (847)
384-4138 or email firstname.lastname@example.org