Saturday, March 21, 1998
Poster Exhibit C 24
Dual jumpers leads
to trampoline injuries NEW
ORLEANS - Jumping up and down on a trampoline might not be all fun and games for some children. Orthopaedic
surgeons at Arkansas Children's Hospital found more
than 4 percent (31 patients) of the 720 patients seen
in its hospital emergency room for orthopaedic injuries
over a five-year period were injured on trampolines.
poster exhibit, displayed on Saturday at the 65th annual
meeting of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons,
found 14 patients' injuries involved the lower leg bone.
The patients' ages in the study ranged from 18 months
to 9 years old.
type of injury typically occurs when several children
are using the trampoline and not jumping in unison,
said study co-author Rosalind White, RN, division of
pediatric orthopaedics, Arkansas Children's Hospital,
Little Rock, Ark. "As one child impacts the mat,
the other child is in the air," she explained.
the downwardly moving child impacts the upwardly moving
mat, the force causes the lower leg to break, said study
co-author R. Dale Blasier, MD, division of pediatric
orthopaedics, Arkansas Children's Hospital.
of the children seen in the emergency room presented
with a minimally displaced fracture of the lower leg.
The children were placed in a cast and healing occurred
within three weeks.
recognizing how the injury happens, we may be able to
help prevent them," White said. "We also have
developed some trampoline safety tips that orthopaedic
surgeons can discuss with their patients." To
help make trampoline use safer, Dr. Blasier and
White suggest following the guidelines developed by
the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons in its
Position Statement "Trampolines and Trampoline Safety":
one participant should use the trampoline at
an adult spotter; they always should be present whenparticipants
sure the trampoline frame and mat are in good
The trampoline's supporting bars, strings and surrounding
landing surfaces should have adequate protective padding.
or other high risk maneuvers should be avoided without
proper supervision and instruction; these maneuvers
should be done only with proper use of protective
The trampoline jumping surface should be placed
at ground level.
a trampoline in well-lighted areas.
1996, 83,312 persons were treated in hospital emergency
rooms for injuries related to trampolines, according
to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC).
The orthopaedic researchers found that the CPSC recorded
19,000 persons with trampoline injuries in 1976. "These numbers further enforce the need to educate
youth about the dangers of trampoline use," White said.
orthopaedic surgeon is a medical doctor with extensive
training in the diagnosis and nonsurgical as well as
surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system, including
bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.
17,000-member American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
is a not-for-profit organization that provides education
programs for orthopaedic surgeons, allied health professionals,
and the public and is an advocate for improved patient
Academy's annual meeting is being held March 19-23,
1998 at the Morial Convention Center, New Orleans.