New Zealand Trampoline Fact Sheet
Trampolines are very popular
in NZ, but a disturbing number of children are being
injured while playing on them. Although potentially
dangerous, trampolines are treated as play equipment
by many people. The following are key facts regarding
injuries from trampoline use in NZ. In the Ten years 1979 -
1988, 2800 people were admitted to hospital and two
died from trampoline injuries. It is estimated that
about 2800 people are seen each year in emergency departments
because of injuries from trampoline use. There has been
a steady increase in the number of people being treated
in hospital for trampoline injuries.
For those admitted to Hospital:
- 80% had fallen off and
hit either the ground or some other object.
- 71% were using home
- 96% were under 20 years
- 39% were in the 5 -
9 year age group and 37% were 10 - 14 years old
- Fractures (68%) were
the most common injury, and arms were the part of
the body most often injured.
For those who went to
- 40% were 10- 14 years
old and 32% were 5 - 9 year olds
- Sprains and strains
(44%) and fractures (24%) were the most common injuries
The leg was the part of the body most commonly injured(50%),
followed by the head and neck (24%)
Common Sense Rules for
- Check that the trampoline
complies with the NZ Standard (NZS 5855:1993) and
that is installed correctly. Get instructions from
the supplier of your trampoline.
- Make sure that the trampoline
bed is level.
- Have a trampoline that
has a bed big enough so that the user will not fall
off if he/she loses their balance.
- Make surre the trampoline
has nothing stacked under it and that the space surrounding
it (at least 2 meters on all 4 sides) is free from
hazards such as walls, furniture etc.
- Have an impact absorbing
ground surface such as used in playgrounds (e.g. bark
chips) around the trampoline for a distance of at
least 2 metres on all 4 sides.
- Have impact absorbing
padding attached firmly to the frame to cover all
of the top of the frame and the springs.
- Consider having the
trampoline in a pit so that the bed of the trampoline
is level with the ground.
Using the trampoline:
- ALWAYS supervise people
on the trampoline. Tell the jumper when they are moving
away from the center of the bed.
- Have only ONE person
on the trampoline at a time. It saves people colliding
or being bounced off.
- Stay off the trampoline
if it is wet.
- Get on and off with
care. When getting off, stop in the middle, step to
the side, hold the frame and lower yourself to the
ground. DO NOT bounce off onto the ground.
- Do not try somersaults
unless you are with a qualified instructor. Most serious
spinal injuries are associated with these."
Sarah Williams (nee McPherson)
Computer Science Department
University of Otago
Dunedin, New Zealand HTML version of an e-mail
from Sarah Williams on august 19, 1996
to the Trampoline Mailing List, Martin